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Music News

June 22, 2010

Stay up to date with weekly classical music news from the Bay Area, across the US & around the World.

The Busine$$ of Orchestras

It takes a couple of years and a lot of work to gather data about the financial reports of U.S. symphony orchestras, but Drew McManus' Adaptistration has once again done the job. The data is for the 2008 fiscal year, meaning the 2007-2008 season. There have been many changes since, but if you want the current picture, you must wait until 2012 — not a good situation.

Adaptisration shows orchestras' (1) total expenditures, (2) compensation of the music director, and (3) the base salary of orchestra musicians. There are, of course, all kinds of variations, exceptions, and howevers in any such compilation of figures, all explained in the document. Here are the top orchestras, in order of their budgets, and just the figures without asterisks or footnotes:

    Los Angeles Philharmonic: (1) $89m, (2) $1.5m, (3) $122,200
    Boston Symphony: $83.2m, $1.7m, $122,72
    Chicago Symphony: $71.6m, $809,847, $120,120
    New York Philharmonic: $65m, $2.7m, $118,560
    San Francisco Symphony: $64.3m, $1.7m, $119,600
    Philadelphia Orchestra: $46.9, $1.7m, $119,600
    Cincinnati Symphony: $45.1m, $859,000, $91,520
    Cleveland Orchestra: $44.5m, $1.3m, $110,760
There is one thing that leaps out when assessing these numbers: While orchestra musician base salary is in a relatively narrow range ($91,520-$122,120), music director compensation is all over the place ($809,847-$2.7m), and both sets of figures have an arbitrary relationship to total expenditures.

Bar Mitzvah, a Contemporary Music Piece

The Contemporary Jewish Museum presents Dan Plonsey's Bar Mitzvah, a multimedia performance piece, composed by Plonsey and choreographed by Eric Kupers, on July 8, at 1 and 4 p.m., at the museum on Mission Street.

A legend of modern dance, Anna Halprin, 90, will give a preview lecture at 7 p.m. on July 8. She is known as a pioneer in redefining boundaries between art, ritual, and community.

Dan Plonsey's Bar Mitzvah was commissioned by the Jewish Music Festival as the centerpiece of its 25th anniversary celebration and is being presented in conjunction with the Museum's current exhibition, Reinventing Ritual.

A composer and sax player, Plonsey has written music for the Bang on a Can All-Stars, Toychestra & Fred Frith, Santa Cruz New Music Works, and the Berkeley Symphony, as well as for his own ensembles. He has performed and recorded with Anthony Braxton, Eugene Chadbourne, and Tom Waits, but more frequently with local greats John Schott, John Shiurba, and Robert Horton. His opera, Leave Me Alone, with libretto by Harvey Pekar of American Splendor fame, premiered at Oberlin College last year.

Kupers has codirected, choreographed, and performed with Dandelion Dancetheater since its inception, and formerly worked with Della Davidson and Margaret Jenkins. He is an artist in residence at ODC Theater.

An Online Resource for Scores, Sheet Music, et al.

ScorSer is a huge, free treasure house of music. Search around and you will find 9,022 Bach scores, 4,786 for Mozart, 3,224 for Beethoven, and so on. If you're looking for piano scores in general, there are 43,652 of them. The site also includes a helpful bulletin board for getting answers, and engage in conversations with other music fans. Behold and rejoice.

Playing Chopin When They Were Young

Check out these videos of Chopin Etude Op. 10, No. 4 performances by Martha Argerich making her U.S. debut in 1966, and by 10-year-old Yuja Wang in 1997. Then go and see what Yuja is doing now, at age 23.

Early Betting Line on MTT Succession

There has been a whirlwind of changes at the helm of some of the country's top orchestras recently: Gustavo Dudamel succeeded Esa-Pekka Salonen in Los Angeles; Alan Gilbert became the New York Philharmonic music director after Lorin Maazel; and just last week, Yannick Nézet-Séguin was named to the Philadelphia Orchestra, to follow a Christoph Eschenbach-Charles Dutoit sequence.

If current speculations about other positions sound ... speculative, consider the surprises of Alan Gilbert in N.Y. and Gustavo Dudamel in L.A. —  a few years ago, who woulda thunk it?

Riccardo Muti starts at the head of the Chicago Symphony this fall, succeeding Daniel Barenboim after a long hiatus; Leonard Slatkin is the post-Neeme Järvi music director in Detroit; Slatkin's old position at the National Symphony is now filled with Iván Fischer, who is Principal Conductor, Eschenbach the Music Director Designate of both the orchestra and the John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts. Marin Alsop took over from Yuri Temirkanov in Baltimore a few years back; and in Pittsburgh, it's Manfred Honeck, succeeding Mariss Jansons (with Andrew Davis as Artistic Advisor for three overlapping years).

So we turn eyes homeward to contemplate the future of the San Francisco Symphony, where Michael Tilson Thomas, 65, has been in charge for 15 years — five more than the usual decade for music directors, but possibly for many more years.

This item is not even a hint about a change coming soon, just idle chatter among music-journalist colleagues about "what-if." The "when" is unknown.

While other late-night e-mail dialogues took up chances of the U.S. team at the World Cup (into the Final 16, I say, and no further), fellow SFCV writer Lisa Hirsch and I started a round of speculation on the order of Fantasy Football — for conductors.

First an obvious list of the unavailable: All the aforementioned new conductors, and most of those they replaced, then busy and not-all-that-well James Levine and Claudio Abbado; Salonen (most unfortunately, as he would be a jewel in the SFS crown).

Then we made a list of those we (Lisa or I or both) are less than sanguine about, even if they were available, some of them of the been-here-done-that variety, such as Seiji Ozawa, Edo de Waart, Herbert Blomstedt, André Previn, Zubin Mehta, and especially Gerald Schwarz and Vladimir Ashkenazy.

Then there is the been-here-not-done-that young folk, such as former SFS assistant conductors James Gaffigan (making his Glyndebourne debut this week), and new-music maven Edwin Outwater? 

Lisa and I split on Kurt Masur (she said no; I like the idea, notwithstanding his age), but agreed that Lorin Maazel wouldn't be a good fit. We are not fond of Valery Gergiev.

Simone Young is a vague possibility, except that she is about to get one of the world's most exciting concert halls for her Hamburg orchestra, the $400 million Herzog & de Meuron-designed Elbe Philharmonic Hall.

Lisa also considered such former assistant conductors of East Coast orchestras as Julian Kuerti, Shi-Yeon Sung, and the Los Angeles Philharmonic's 25-year-old assistant conductor, Lionel Bringuier, who is also music director of the Orquesta Sinfónica de Castilla y León.

'Best Radio'

In terms of Classical Radio what's the "Best"?

San Francisco Magazine's survey of 14,505 readers (and, presumably, listeners) came up with these results:

"Best radio station"

    1. 102.1 KDFC: www.kdfc.com  
    2. 88.5 KQED: Public Radio www.kqed.org
    3. 104.5 KFOG: www.kfog.com
    4. 97.3: Alice www.radioalice.com
"Best radio DJs"
    1. Dianne Nicolini and Hoyt Smith 102.1 KDFC: kdfc.com
    2. Sarah and Vinnie 97.3 Alice: radioalice.com
    3. Fernando and Greg Movin 99.7: movin997.radio.com
Another of the survey's many questions resulted in the third-best of a category actually being the wurst:

"Best house-cured meats"

Dittmer’s Gourmet Meats and Wurst-Haus: 400 San Antonio Rd., Mountain View

Die Walküre Is Leaving, the Ring Is Coming

When the San Francisco Opera concludes its uniformly acclaimed summer production of Richard Wagner's Die Walküre after three more performances (tonight, Friday, and Wednesday, all at 7 p.m.), don't say goodbye, only au revoir — until we meet again.

That will be next summer, when the company presents three cycles of the Mount Everest of opera, Wagner's The Ring of the Nibelung, over four nights. The music alone runs over 15 hours; a full cycle, with intermissions, lasts about 18 hours.

The introduction to this tale of gods, heroes, dragons, a magic fire, and the ultimate cataclysm that ends the world, is the 2 3/4-hour Das Rheingold.

The 4 1/2-hour Walküre is the second opera, Siegfried (5 hours) the third, and The Twilight of the Gods (5 1/4 hours) is the last one.

As he has since 1990, Donald Runnicles will conduct Ring performances. The new "American Ring'" production is by Francesca Zambello. The two singers making their debut here in the leading roles of Walküre — Mark Delavan as Wotan and Nina Stemme as Brünnhilde — will return to sing in the entire cycle.

S.F. Opera General Director David Gockley estimates the cost of producing the Ring operas over three years at $23 million (part of the annual operating budget of $67 million), a thrifty alternative to the Los Angeles Opera's current $32 million-plus and probably to the Metropolitan Opera's planned Ring for which no estimate is available (the company has a $291 million annual budget).

There are no reliable figures available until long after the event, but the expected audience of up to 40,000 — including thousands of out-of-town hotel guests and restaurant customers — will contribute significantly to the Bay Area's economy.

The Opera is hosting not only the Ring, but also a citywide celebration of the festival, with the involvement of two dozen arts organizations in symposia, exhibits, films, Ring-related performances, and special events.

"The magnitude of the Ring and the extraordinary legacy of Richard Wagner continues to inspire greater study and understanding for our enrichment and appreciation," says Gockley. "I’m very proud that so many educational, community, and cultural organizations have agreed to present Ring-related programs that are innovative, bold, sensitive, complex, and timely."

Among partners of the Ring Festival: the Commonwealth Club, Classical 102.1 KDFC, Contemporary Jewish Museum, Goethe-Institute, Mills College, Museum of Performance & Design, San Francisco State University, UC Berkeley, Stanford University, San Francisco Conservatory of Music, and the Wagner Society of Northern California.

Here's the schedule for the summer of 2011 —

    CYCLE 1: June 14 (8 p.m.); June 15 (7 p.m.); June 17 (6:30 p.m.); June 19 (1 p.m.)
    CYCLE 2: June 21 (8 p.m.); June 22 (7 p.m.); June 24 (6:30 p.m.); June 26 (1 p.m.)
    CYCLE 3: June 28 (8 p.m.); June 29 (7 p.m.); July 1 (6:30 p.m.); July 3 (1 p.m.)
Ticket prices for the four-opera cycle range from $300 to $2,800.

MTT's 'Tower' in Gehry-built Home

Nancy Keates reports in The Wall Street Journal about Michael Tilson Thomas' Miami residence, designed by the architect Frank Gehry, 81, who knew MTT as an 8-year-old in Los Angeles:

"We've had many conversations over many years about music and art and space," explained Mr. Tilson Thomas. And over time, those conversations have led Mr. Tilson Thomas, whose wood-paneled Edwardian in San Francisco is filled with arts and crafts furniture, to include a more modern aesthetic in his 1925 pink stucco Mediterranean home here [Miami] on prestigious North Bay Road.

Despite its opulent surroundings, the Miami house is modestly decorated with tropical patterned wicker furniture and round white paper lanterns designed by sculptor Isamu Noguchi. Sitting in the living room are three pieces designed by Mr. Gehry: his "Wiggle" and "Side" chairs made from layers of cardboard and his "Cloud" lamp, so-called because of its shade's cloud-like appearance.

"Gradually he's making his way in here," said Mr. Tilson Thomas, who is collaborating with Mr. Gehry on a new building for a music school. "Whatever I do next will be more in a sleek, modern design."

...

Mr. Tilson Thomas also concedes to a tendency to retreat, drifting away from people to finish up on some work or complete a thought in his head. "It's really hard for people to realize that when you're staring into space is when you're doing your best work," he said. His most frequent hiding place here is a room he calls "The Tower."

Reached through the second floor master bedroom, out a door to a roof deck and then up a narrow spiral metal stairway, the room is tiny, about 50 square feet, with wooden blinds on the windows always drawn and an air conditioning unit always going. On one end is a table covered with music scores marked in blue pencil. On the other side is a computer where Mr. Tilson Thomas does his editing.

The phone doesn't ring (he can call out but no one can call in) which he loves. "Left to my own devices I could be squirreled away in some little practice room and never see the light of day," he said.

Janos Gereben appreciates news tips, corrections, and words of encouragement at [email protected].

Comments

From Nils-Göran Olve, Nacka, Sweden [Nacka to Stockholm, Olve says, is like Oakland to San Francisco] -

Swedes have been lucky in having several young conductors develop together with our orchestras at an early stage in their careers: Alan Gilbert spending 8 or 9 years with the Stockholm Philharmonic before going to NYPO, Gustavo Dudamel still with several years left in Gothenburg where he was appointed before being chosen by LA...

Currently we have Daniel Harding for the Swedish Radio SO and he is at 35 about as good a conductor as any has ever been, I believe! He has some years to go here, but by then he should be a candidate for any of the world's great orchestras. A good (and funny) communicator as well.

Robin Ticciati may be in a similar position in a few years. He is just 27, spent a few years with a small regional orchestra (Gävle) but did a most impressive concert with the SRSO last month (Elgar's Violin Concerto and Beethoven 6). But unless you have Dudamel's very special background and talents you should probably avoid coming too early to orchestras - unless their management, members and audience like the idea of growing up musically together.

Like Esa-Pekka Salonen when he started with the SRSO here more than 20 years ago. Otherwise the risk is too big: like Welser-Möst who was a well-liked conductor of another of our provincial orchestras (Norrköping) before disappointing people when he took over LPO, only to recover later in Zürich, Cleveland and Vienna!

Here's a vote for either Vasily Petrenko (his Shostakovich Eighth was my favorite symphony concert of the year) or James Gaffigan, whose conducting I mostly love.

Why no mention of David Robertson?!? Yes, he's relatively new in St. Louis - but say MTT stays with us another 5 yrs, that might be good timing for Robertson to leave SLSO - hard to think of anyone else with as strong a connection to contemp music & also already well-known/well-received for guest conducting SFS - otherwise how about Osmo Vanska who's been doing amazing things in Mpls? Or if this Fantasy Pool insists on youthful contenders, James Gaffigan could be a great choice in about 5 yrs!

A very enthusiastic second to Petrenko's nomination. And quo vadis MTT? Boston?

I agree that David Robertson would be an ideal fit for the San Francisco Symphony and he would be at the top of my list to replace MTT. Robertson is happy in Saint Louis though, and I'm not clear that he would make a lateral move to San Francisco (since I belive the two are basically equivalent orchestras). I was frankly shocked that the NyPhil took Alan Gilbert over David Robertson. Other's to most definitely consider are Hans Graf, James Conlon, Osmo Vanska, and perhaps Hugh Wolff. If we want to think outside of the box, Itzhak Perlman ain't a bad conductor though clearly not in the same league as the others. Yet, Perlman would be a totally new direction.

ScorSer seems more like "An ILLEGAL Online Resource for Scores, Sheet Music, et al." There photocopied works under copyright written by living composers on their servers. You should be ashamed to promote such an illegal "service." How can SFCV feature and celebrate the work of living composers but suggest that their work be downloaded for free. I seriously doubt that the John Adams will "Behold and rejoice."

Osmo Vanska, Paavo Jarvi would be fine. Vasili Petrenko was phenomenal during his visit. Mark Wigglesworth's visit blew me away as well.

Donald Runnicles is an excellent conductor and advocate of new music, just started with the BBC scottish, but could be convinced to come back?

Mostly, I would want someone with a commitment to new and interesting music. MTT's program last week (stravinsky, ravel, poulenc, vila lobos) was both engaging to the audience, and 20th century music in context. Maybe MTT is still the best choice for SF.

St. Louis and SF equivalent? I'd disagree with that.

A footnote to the Business item: because the info on music director salaries is a couple of years old, the guy getting $2.7 million to conduct the NYPO, a cool million more than any other conductor listed, was Loren Maazel, not Alan Gilbert, whose salary we don't know yet.

Just for fun, three potential MTT successors with California connections

David Robertson
Kent Nagano
Dennis Russell Davies

And how about Robert Spano ?