February 12, 2008
What would happen if you took the “postmodern” project to its logical conclusion and eradicated the theoretical, conceptual, and practical boundaries between large genres of music like, say, classical, jazz, popular, sound experiments, and electronic composition? That’s a major proposition that drives the leading edge, or bleeding edge (to use a technology term) of contemporary music.
Examples abound. The Meridian Arts Ensemble, a brass quintet with percussionist, plays at Stanford Lively Arts on Feb. 23, with music of Milton Babbitt and Frank Zappa. The next week you may catch them at major New York clubs like CBGBs and the Knitting Factory, or at L.A.’s House of Blues. Intrepid organizers like composer and DJ Mason Bates and San Francisco Symphony's Benjamin Shwartz bring the music of György Ligeti to a downtown San Francisco club at the "Mercury Soul" event. Paul Haas takes classical music and reorients the concert format, turning it into a less formal, multimedia experience called "Rewind" (see review).
But, it turns out, that’s the tip of a particularly large, unmelted iceberg. There is a huge community of independent, musical explorers out there — thousands, one promoter told me — whose performance styles or musical aesthetics make them unlikely candidates to appear at a major club or classical venue. It’s one thing to perk up a concert by bringing a serialist composer and a progressive rock icon together on the same program. It’s another to jump off the dock altogether and dive into a world where the comfortable norms and expectations of performance and listening are challenged or effectively canceled.
For a musician, taking the plunge means, generally, joining an artistic underground and playing at venues off the beaten path. And yet, in the huge feedback loop that is culture, some of this activity makes itself relevant to mainstream genre musicians, providing them with the energy of new ideas, and helping to shape the experience of listeners. The loop explains the surprising success of ongoing projects like the Bang on a Can All-Stars marathon and concert, which rolled through San Francisco’s Yerba Buena Center for the Arts Saturday, and is dedicated to bringing unfranchised artists together with more identifiably classical composers, and providing them some prime-time exposure (see review).
Bang on a Can gave new listeners an excellent introduction to the raucous energy of the underground side of contemporary music. It blows up the classical concert from the inside, the content side. It’s an invitation to play around and have fun, because even challenging work is still music, not brain surgery.
The "Rewind" and "Mercury Soul" concerts are ways of positioning classical music to an audience that has different expectations for how a concert or musical experience unfolds. They expect the audience to be open to a wide variety of classical music, most of it quite complicated. The concerts are also experiments in technological and artistic synesthesia, aimed at people who are quite comfortable with that sort of thing.
But in the Bay Area, you don’t have to wait for a festival or special event to hear this kind of music. The musicians are all around you. Walk into the Luggage Store Gallery at Sixth and Market streets in San Francisco on any Thursday night and you’ll find the longest-running new-and-unusual music series in the region — 17 years old and still going strong, and curated, at present, by Rent Romus and Matt Davignon. The scene includes everyone and everything. Romus sets no limits, except one: No power tools.
“One time I had a harsh-noise ensemble and one of the artists ... took out an electric saw and started to saw the guitar, while it was still plugged in. And I was a little disturbed by that, because I didn’t know he was going to do it.” The event took place at the Musicians Union Hall at Ninth and Mission in San Francisco, “and they have a carpet and no vacuum cleaner.”
A clever musician can easily get around that restriction, as Moe! Staiano and his Moe!kestra! did. Moe!, who had been a percussionist with Sleepytime Gorilla Museum, performed a piece titled Death of a Piano, in which a piano was destroyed with sledgehammers while the rest of the ensemble played, mirroring the direction of the hammers. “And one of the horn players decided he had a bari sax that he wanted to get rid of, so he threw that into the fray,” Romus recalls.
So everything old is new again, you think, and 1960s countercultural experimentation is back, only noisier. And that’s true, in the sense that the present underground can trace its roots to the '60s. Some of its most visible artists came from that era, like songwriter Tom Waits, “last of the beatniks,” and a symbol of “alternative music,” or the composer and theorist of “deep listening,” Pauline Oliveros. Oliveros went from doing tape pieces to writing the Sonic Meditations, which are exercises in listening to ambient sound as much as they are inner directed. She then moved to the use of drones and natural acoustic resonance to achieve a kind of sound sculpture.
All of those ideas, and others, had an impact on today's music, both mainstream and underground. The “alternative” music community develops from a base of ideas about music, but adds to them. Of course, it's always possible that a novel, unusual concept will end up more attractive or interesting than the piece or performance. On the other hand, that tension also makes for fewer dull programs.
Romus often puts extremely disparate musicians in the two Thursday sets at the Luggage Store. There are no central identifying features to the music in general, other than the avoidance of easy categorization. The artists come from everywhere in the world, and use every conceivable means to express themselves. One of the mainstays of the Bay Area community, percussionist Gino Robair, “plays a great styrofoam,” Romus reports. “He uses bows. He can bow anything and make it sound.”
Although there is rarely good money to be made working the independent side of the street, the community is enormous. Romus' programming goes at least six months at a time without having an artist back a second time. “I’m constantly meeting new people,” he says. Naturally, there are a number of independent recording concerns founded by members of the community, and there are Web pages, MySpace pages, and support services and information resources, all available on the Internet. A good place to begin a search for this music is the Bay Area Improviser’s Network, or Romus’ own label, Edgetone Records.
The backgrounds of these musicians vary enormously — classically trained, like violinist Carla Kihlstedt; rock/pop, like Fred Frith; jazz, like Romus, or just as often, no formal training, as with Davignon. Davignon was a garage experimenter in his youth, and now his music involves processing drum-machine sounds in real time with various devices. The classical artists may bounce back and forth between more structured gigs and the indie world. (Kihlstedt just premiered Jorge Liderman’s Furthermore … with the San Francisco Contemporary Music Players, see review, but she also is part of the art-rock band Sleepytime Gorilla Museum, and the Tin Hat Trio.)
Romus himself came to the underground scene out of a dissatisfaction with his own jazz work. He felt boxed in, constrained. “I played with my fellow artists in the jazz community, and I wrote my compositions, and I really tried to push the envelope. And I noticed that the artists in that scene kept bringing me back. And so I stumbled on Luggage Store Gallery, and then all of a sudden, the world opened up. There were people who had no understanding of that [jazz] community, but were willing to play music with me when I walked into their world.”
In an early gig, Romus paired off with a classically trained guitarist who had left classical music behind and was playing nothing but drones. Unprepared but standing in front of 20 or 30 people, he had to dive in and gradually find his way. “So if you’re composing music with artists who are not doing what you really feel, even though you may not know what you want, sometimes you have to … find another environment, be completely willing to slough off everything you’ve learned. I have an old adage in my life: ‘Know your masters, and then forget them.’ ”
Once upon a time, classical musicians knew their masters and were not allowed to forget them. But we seem to have passed the point when serialism, or minimalism, or any -ism dominates contemporary music discourse. And modern classical musicians are often comfortable in other musical genres, even more improvisatory and alternative ones. So the clarity with which we used to perceive distinctions of genre is becoming a casualty of the cross-pollination of musical styles.
The undertow of this vibrant, hybrid scene is going to continue to pull ideas into the culture's more traditional currents. We’re going to see more attempts like these recent events in which Bay Area artists push the classical mainstream to take account of a changed reality. Many composers don’t want to be labeled anymore, and they do want the hip, ready-for-anything listeners whose reference points include wide swaths of unrelated music. The major classical institutions (opera companies and symphony orchestras) will continue to offer new music, but they are no longer the central avenue for composition.
Where is all this taking us? SFCV sent out its writers to cover the alternative and mixed genre events that came in a bundle over the past month (and will continue over the next month). In the following reports from the front, Noel Verzosa reminds us of some of the interesting questions and problems that "Mercury Soul" brought up, Jonathan Russell gives his insider view of the Bang on a Can Marathon, and Jessica Balik looks back at "Rewind." — Michael Zwiebach
Will an Experiment Become a Trend?
About a year ago, I heard the UC Berkeley University Symphony perform Mason Bates’ Rusty Air in Carolina. It was one of the more unusual concerts I’d been to in a while, not because of Bates’ trademark combination of symphony orchestra and electronica, but because a good third of the crowd consisted of people who could not have been much past 17 or 18. As someone who has attended most of the University Symphony's concerts over the past seven years, I’m comfortably certain that Bates was the main attraction for these newcomers to classical music’s traditionally graying audiences.
This mixing of new genres and old has also worked in reverse. When Bates' Feb. 1 event, "Mercury Soul," took over the Mezzanine, a nightclub tucked away just south of Market Street in San Francisco, I was intrigued to find older folks in attendance, some dressed as if for the symphony, standing politely on the fringes of the Mezzanine’s dance floor.
The advantage of a concert hall is that its behavioral codes insulate the listener from distractions, allowing them to focus their attention as intently and abstractly as possible on the music. By the same token, the advantage of a club is that it allows the listener to experience music as a social activity, encouraging the audience to engage with the music however it deems desirable — dancing, socializing, perhaps drinking.
You might have thought the goal of the "Mercury Soul" project was to combine the best of both worlds and create an environment in which listeners could focus on the music in a social environment. The opposite turned out to be the case, however. The social space (aided by three strategically placed bars) meant that few people were focusing exclusively on the performance. But the nature of the music — which included works by Ligeti, Webern, and Nancarrow — meant that no one was really dancing either.
Perhaps I have unreasonably grand expectations of “art installations,” but I was expecting something a little more obtrusive (in a good way) from the visual stimuli that "Mercury Soul" provided. Some of the innovations worked quite well, such as the “performance stations” where the various performers were positioned: The larger ensemble pieces were performed from the main stage; the wind ensemble was stationed on a platform in the middle of the dance floor; the string quartet was tucked against the wall in a sort of cagelike construction; Bates and his DJ equipment were stationed in the approximate center of all the action.
Photo by David Williams
But other ideas did not seemed to have been exploited as fully as they could have been. During the fourth of the evening’s five sets, four or five tuxedo-clad men with floor toms stood on elevated platforms interspersed around the perimeter of the room for a percussion transcription of Nancarrow’s Studies for Player Piano — which in practice consisted of the players exchanging simple rhythmic patterns. A more involved rhythmic texture might have made this a little more engaging, but as it was, listening to the piece was akin to watching a tennis match, with little to propel the audience except following the rhythmic patterns as they passed from percussionist to percussionist.
Although this was the official “premiere” of "Mercury Soul," the group has experimented with its venue- and genre-blurring project in Berlin with members of the Berlin Philharmonic. I wonder whether the combination of symphonic music and electronica elicited more engaged responses from German audiences.
It's hard to say whether its San Francisco incarnation “worked,” because it isn't clear that "Mercury Soul" was trying to elicit any specific response. In theory, that is a good thing. Because of the experimental nature of the event, its organizers probably preferred to leave things open-ended and just “see what happens.” But in practice, ambiguity doesn’t necessarily translate into excitement; when a large crowd doesn’t know what to do, it tends toward inertia.
I'm confident that audiences would eventually become more engaged if exposed to events like "Mercury Soul" more regularly, and I hope we'll have more chances to do so soon. But for the time being, the project is still in its “experimental” phase. Only time will tell if it will achieve results that can be comfortably called successes. — Noel Verzosa
A Marathon's Coastal Views
The venerable New York group Bang on a Can brought its all-day marathon concert to San Francisco for the first time on Saturday. In addition to importing its own musicians, the marathon displayed a nice cross-section of local groups and artists, including Edmund Welles, Carla Kihlstedt, Amy X Neuberg, Pamela Z, and Cheb i Sabbah, who — though I might be biased as one of these locals as a member of the Edmund Welles bass clarinet quartet — more than held their own against the out-of-towners.
The audience was diverse. I saw many of the people I usually see at new-music concerts: New-music performers; students from UC Berkeley and San Francisco Conservatory; and organizers and promoters of the local new-music scene. But I also saw many more different kinds of people, including young hipsters, some of whom I recognized from playing at clubs in the Mission, as well as plenty of relatively ordinary, respectable-looking, middle-class, middle-aged folks, some with children in tow.
Most people seemed to be enjoying themselves, wandering into and out of the theater, exploring the other exhibits at Yerba Buena Center for the Arts, taking a break to bask in the glorious sunshine in Yerba Buena's gardens. The entire event had a friendly vibe. Going into it, I had been nervous about meeting all these hip New Yorkers, but people like Julia Wolfe (one of the founding composers of Bang on a Can) and Evan Ziporyn (clarinetist with the Bang on a Can All-Stars and a composer, as well), who both spoke frequently between sets, struck me more as down-to-earth, and even sometimes endearingly geeky, rather than aloof.
It’s hard to judge based on the relatively small number of selections from the Bang on a Can-ers (its New York marathons now run 24 hours), but it seemed to me that the locals did, in fact, more successfully integrate contemporary classical music with vernacular forms.
While most of the Bang on a Can selections in the marathon in San Francisco would fit pretty squarely into the contemporary classical genre, even if they clearly draw influence from the vernacular, groups like Edmund Welles and violinist/vocalist Carla Kihlstedt’s ensemble genuinely exist in a nether region between genres and are pretty difficult to pin down.
Kihlstedt makes frequent appearances both as a new-music violinist with such groups as the San Francisco Contemporary Music Players and the heavy-metal band Sleepytime Gorilla Museum. Her own ensemble blends the drive and visceral intensity of rock and heavy metal with great attention to detail, varied and subtle colors, and unpredictably quirky melodic and harmonic shifts. Similarly, Cornelius Boots, the founder and composer/arranger of Edmund Welles, has classical and jazz conservatory training, but has also played in heavy metal and funk bands for most of his life.
Performing with Edmund Welles calls for the technical precision and music-reading skills of a classical player, and also the ability to aggressively groove. Since I’ve been in the group, I would say our two most successful shows have been opening for a heavy metal band and performing at Berkeley Chamber Performances, a concert series primarily of classical chamber music. Both environments nicely demonstrate the range of settings in which this music can work. And Edmund Welles and Carla Kihlstedt are but two examples of a thriving Bay Area scene in which music flourishes in these gaps between established genres, between art and popular music.
I mean no disrespect to Bang on a Can, but seeing them juxtaposed with our local artists made me appreciate just how unique and vibrant a scene we have here in the Bay Area. It will be exciting to see how these same local composers and performers, myself included as codirector, will build on this Bang on a Can experience and reconfigure the lines between genres of music at the upcoming Switchboard Music Festival, an eight-hour marathon concert on March 30. — Jonathan Russell
Those who arrived to New Century Chamber Orchestra's "Rewind" concert on Jan. 19 found no assigned seats printed on the tickets. People began forming a line a half-hour early simply to claim a spot. Even once inside the hall at Yerba Buena Center for the Arts, things remained intriguing. For one, the chairs were arranged on all sides of the makeshift stage in the center of the room, and for another, a giant, oscillating mechanical sculpture was hanging from the ceiling.
People who are accustomed to New Century Chamber Orchestra's performances were likely unsurprised. As Paul Haas, the guest conductor for "Rewind," expressed it, NCCO is known for "treading ground that nobody else really does," and is able to do so because the musicians are "of the highest caliber and willing to try anything." The same might be said of Haas' own ensemble in New York, called Sympho. "Rewind" was originally created for Sympho, after all, and NCCO's performance was its West Coast premiere.
"Rewind" targets under-40 audiences, and while this one was not entirely young, it was noticeably younger than attendees at many classical concerts. Preconcert, the sparsely lit hall and ambient electronic music fit well with the younger crowd, many in jeans. The performance space itself, including the seating — which deliberately placed audience members just feet away from the performers — erased the stodgy stiffness found in many traditional concert halls. The concert was supercharged with colored lighting, Reuben Margolin's kinetic installation, surround-sound speakers for Mason Bates' electronica, and a nonstop performance by NCCO.
With "Rewind," Haas aimed to create what he calls "an immediately understandable" narrative by presenting pieces that move backward in time, beginning in the late 20th century and ending in the late 17th. In tandem with all the modern additions, the organizers intended, says Haas, to "keep what's great about classical music while bringing it up to date." Judging by the standing ovation the concert received, "Rewind" succeeded at engaging its audience. In particular, the audience appreciated Anne Akiko Myers, the concert's solo violinist, Bates' electronic additions, and Margolin's art.
The multimedia event seemed a hit. Then again, why should it not be? Says Haas, "I'm a little surprised that what we're doing is so 'new.' It just seems obvious that we should use what works." — Jessica Balik