December 22, 2020
Congress finally realized yesterday — on the night of the Winter Solstice and just before leaving for the holiday break — the $2.3 trillion omnibus bill, a.k.a. “The Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2021,” part of which is the $900 billion pandemic stimulus package, which contains a $325 billion small-business boost and $15 billion for “struggling live venues, movie theaters, and museums.”
Full disclosure: I couldn’t even skim a tiny fraction of the document containing the Act, much less understand its provisions — at well over a million words, it’s bigger than the longest novel in the English language (Anthony Powell’s A Dance to the Music of Time, which I managed, happily, in about a month). A reasonable presumption: Nobody in Congress managed to read the document, much less understand it.
Still, this second-largest federal stimulus package after the $2 trillion CARES Act that Congress approved in March, brings some relief, some hope, being far better than “nothing.”
Among the complex specifics of the “Program of Grants for Shuttered Live Venue Operations for live entertainment venues, cultural institutions, and agents” aka “SEC. 324. Grants for Shuttered Venue Operators,” wherein the term “eligible person or entity” means a live venue operator or promoter, theatrical producer, or live performing arts organization operator, a relevant museum operator, a motion picture theater operator, or a talent representative that meets several requirements, including these:
$2 billion of these funds are reserved for entities with 50 or fewer FTE employees
Grant amount based on 45 percent of recipient’s 2019 gross earned revenue
Eligible theater and museum operators are those who lost at least 25 percent of their revenues
The initial grant can total up to $10 million per eligible business; a second grant, worth half the amount of the first, may also be available
The money will be for specified expenses such as payroll costs, rent, utilities and personal protective equipment
During the first 14 days of the program’s implementation, grants will be awarded to those who have faced 90 percent revenue losses; then, those who have experienced at least 70 percent revenue losses will be eligible during the next two weeks; after the first month of the program, any other eligible businesses can receive grants.
Thanks to the usual sausage-making process of Congress and using the last-second pressure, the Act contains many “peculiar” items, such as tax breaks for corporate meal expenses, provisions for protecting the election of the 15th Dalai Lama, and specifying millions of dollars for the neighboring Kennedy Center, which laid off members of the National Symphony Orchestra the last time it received bailout funds.
Turning to positives, here’s Speaker Nancy Pelosi’s evaluation:
“The agreement includes over $284 billion for first and second forgivable PPP loans, expanded PPP eligibility for nonprofits and local newspapers, TV and radio broadcasters, key modifications to PPP to serve the smallest businesses and struggling nonprofits and better assist independent restaurants, and includes $15 billion in dedicated funding for live venues, independent movie theaters, and cultural institutions.”
$167.5 million for both the National Endowment for the Arts and National Endowment for the Humanities (a $5.25 million increase each from FY 2020 funding levels) and significant waivers
$257 million for the Institute of Museum and Library Services (IMLS).
$15 million additional to IMLS for a grant program to support American Latino Museums across the country
Authorization for the Smithsonian Institution to build and support two new museums on or near the National Mall in Washington, DC: the National Museum of the American Latino and a National Museum of Women’s History
$475 million for the Corporation for Public Broadcasting
$30.5 million (an increase of $500,000) for the federal Arts in Education grant program
Local responses in the SF Bay Area have been summed up by the SF Symphony:
Spearheaded by Speaker Nancy Pelosi, Leader Charles Schumer, Senator John Cornyn, House Small Business Committee Chair Nydia Velazquez, and Senate Small Business Committee Chair Marco Rubio, the current relief bill incorporates specific relief opportunities for performing arts and culture venues, supporting the recovery and survival of the nation’s arts and culture sector by incorporating eligibility for nonprofits in broader relief programs and promoting enhanced charitable giving through 2021.
The San Francisco Arts Alliance was proud to play a part in supporting the work of Speaker Nancy Pelosi and House Small Business Committee Chair Nydia Velazquez and their teams in ensuring support for the broadest swath of nonprofit arts and culture organizations through the inclusion of the Save our Stages (SOS) bill and the additional opportunity for the Payroll Protection Program (PPP).
“The arts and culture sector is an essential vehicle for healing and for driving the equitable and sustainable recovery and regeneration of communities across the nation,” said Deborah Cullinan, co-chair of the San Francisco Arts Alliance and CEO of Yerba Buena Center for the Arts.
“As we evolve the ways we bring joy, inspiration, and healing into our hard-hit communities, it is only by working hand-in-hand with our elected officials and policymakers on the federal, state, and local level that we will be able to support our nation’s creative workforce in service of the health and wellbeing of our communities.”
At SF Opera, General Director Matthew Shilvock (also co-chair of the SF Arts Alliance) said:
As we move into 2021 and the roll-out of the vaccine, it is our fervent hope that arts and culture organizations will be able to reconnect communities through a return to cultural gatherings. This relief bill supports the broad arts and culture sector in a number of important ways, both in sustaining our arts workers and organizations, and in ensuring greater equity of public access to digital artistic offerings through expanded broadband access. We are deeply grateful for this affirmative expression of support for the arts from Congress; it is critical to bringing back the arts and rebuilding our communities.”
Supporters of the legislation have been citing these statistics: contributing more than $877.8 billion to the nation’s economy in 2017, the arts and culture sector is an economic engine that directly employs more than 5 million workers nationwide. The current losses sustained by the arts and culture sector throughout the nation as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic have reached a staggering $14.6 billion by now.