Nagyszentmiklós, Hungary, March 25, 1881
New York, September 26, 1945, of leukemia
Following the collapse of the Austro-Hungarian empire after World War I, Hungary’s government was taken over by communists, who were then ousted by the military in 1920. They instituted Europe’s first nationalist authoritarian regime and eventually entered into alliance with Nazi Germany. With their defeat in World War II, Hungary again became communist in 1945, dominated by the Soviet Union.