Dec. 22, 1858, Lucca, Tuscany
Nov. 29, 1924, Brussels, Belgium
Many staples of 20th-century life were invented: the telephone, phonograph, radio, ocean liner, gasoline-powered automobile, airplane, light bulb, and so on. The repertory system in opera came into being, along with an established canon of masterworks. The operas of Wagner and of French composers like Charles Gounod and Georges Bizet were first produced in Italy.